neck and back shoulder
wrist hip
foot and ankle knee
hip

Hip pain – A common complaint caused by one or more of a variety of problems. Maladies within the hip joint itself tend to result in pain on the inside of the hip or groin. The source of pain on the outside of the hip, upper thigh or upper buttock usually is related to muscles, ligaments, tendons and other soft tissues surrounding the hip joint.

Hip replacement – Surgery that involves removing an affected hip joint and replacing it with an artificial joint. Hip prostheses consist of a ball component, made of metal or ceramic, and a socket,which has an insert or liner of plastic, ceramic or metal. Patients who receive hip replacement are usually suffering from arthritis or an injury. Followed by physical therapy and rehabilitation, hip replacement can relieve pain and restore motion and function of the hip joint.

Labral tear – Affects the ring of soft elastic tissue (labrum) that follows the outside ring of the hip joint. The labrum acts like a socket to hold the ball at the top of the thighbone (femur) in place. Athletes who compete in sports such as football, soccer and golf, and activities such as ballet dancing, are at a higher risk of developing a hip labral tear. Initially, treatment may consist of physical therapy and pain relievers. Arthroscopic surgery can remove loose fragments from within the joint and trim or repair the hip labral tear.

Related conditions treated
Femoral acetabular impingement (FAI)
Hip arthroscopy
Chondral injuries and defects

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foot and ankle

Achilles tendonitis and tendonosis – Tendonitis is inflammation of the midsubstance of the tendon. This can be caused by overuse or a rheumatic condition. Signs of inflammation are pain, swelling and warmth of the muscle-tendon complex. Achilles tendonosis is a condition beyond the inflammation stage when the tendon has failed to heal. At this stage, pain may limit physical activity considerably.

Achilles tendon rupture – The Achilles tendon is a strong fibrous cord that connects muscles in the back of the calf to the heel bone. Over-stretching the tendon may cause to tear (rupture) partially or completely. This injury most commonly occurs while playing sports. Surgery is often recommended; however, nonsurgical treatment for many people can be equally effective.

Plantar fasciitis – This condition occurs when the strong band of tissue (ligament) that supports the arch of the foot becomes irritated and inflamed. It's the most common cause of pain on the bottom of the heel.

Heel spur – A small portion of bone that protrudes from the calcaneus (heel bone). About 10% of people have heel spurs, but only a small percentage experience pain, which can be treated without removing the spur.

Shin splints – Refers to pain along or just behind the shin bone (tibia), the large bone in the front of the lower leg. Shin splints are common among runners and those who play basketball, soccer or tennis – sports with sudden stops and starts – when too much force is placed on the shinbone and connective tissues attaching muscles to the bone.

Ankle fractures – These are common injuries, even resulting from a simple misstep. They can range from tiny cracks to shattering breaks that pierce the skin. Treatment depends on the site and severity of the fracture.

Ankle dislocations – An injury to a joint, where two or more bones come together, in which the ends of bones are forced from their normal positions. Along with the shoulder, hip, knee and elbow, the ankle contains major joints in the body where this injury can occur. When treated properly, most dislocations return to normal function within several weeks.

Related conditions treated
Mortons neuroma
Hallux rigidus
Tarsal tunnel syndrome
Sesamoiditis
Claw toes
Hammertoes
Lisfranc dislocations